Diagnostic Tests To Detect Sexually Transmitted Infections

HIV / AIDS

Physical examination, and thorough medical history, plus one or more of the following blood tests in individuals 18 months of age or greater: Rapid HIV test completed on blood or saliva, ELISA (Enzyme-Linked Immunosorbent Assay) antibody blood test. If the test is positive for HIV, the more-accurate Western blot antibody blood test or an HIV nucleic acid test is performed to confirm a diagnosis. For infants under 18 months of age, an HIV nucleic acid test (viral load or HIV DNA PCR) is recommended.

Chlamydia

Physical examination, including at home std test chlamydia examination in young women, and thorough medical history, plus laboratory analysis of cervical secretions or urine, to detect presence of C. trachomatis.

Gonorrhea

Physical examination, including pelvic exam in young women, and thorough medical history, plus laboratory testing of cervical, vaginal or penile secretions.

Pelvic Inflammatory Disease (PID)

Physical examination, including pelvic exam in young women, and thorough medical history, plus one or more laboratory tests of cervical or vaginal secretions, ultrasound imaging exam. Severely ill patients may be hospitalized and given antibiotics intravenously.

Genital Warts / Human Papillomavirus (HPV)

Physical examination, including pelvic exam in young women, and thorough medical history, plus a Pap smear. If the Pap smear is abnormal, colposcopy and cervical biopsy may be done.

Genital Herpes

Physical examination, including pelvic exam in young women, and thorough medical history, herpes virus blood test and culture.

Syphilis

Physical examination, including pelvic exam, and thorough medical history, plus one or more of the following blood tests: VDRL (Venereal Disease Research Laboratory) blood test or RPR (Rapid Plasma Reagin) blood test, (FTA-ABS) Fluorescent Treponemal Antibody- Absorption antibody blood test or (TPHA) T. pallidum hemagglutination assay, to confirm a positive finding on the VDRL or RPR test.

Get Tested For Sexually Transmitted Diseases

Have you ever had unprotected sex ? Either with your stable partner, or in an occasional encounter (especially), having sex without any protection, exposes you to catching a sexually transmitted disease ( STD ).

So, if you ever took that risk, or at least you have some insecurity, today we want to tell you what are the steps that you must follow to get an over the counter STD test . Take note!

Why Is It Necessary To Get Tested?

Knowing if you have a sexually transmitted disease is not only important for your health, but for who can be your partner. In addition, it is always better to be safe than sorry. Keep in mind that not only vaginal sex is the only form of transmission, but it can also be oral sex, anal and even touch some infected surface.

In this way, getting STDs is easier than it looks. Worst of all is that the symptoms are very mild and subtle, and you may not realize that you are a carrier of any; Even HIV does not have symptoms at first. That is why it is always advisable to perform the disease test.

To make a test, you must take into account that it is you who must take the initiative: after all, it is your health that should care. While the results are private, you should seek some kind of emotional support from friends or relatives.

The Different Methods

Getting a test is very simple. You should only take a turn at a medical center, clinic, or public clinic.

It is recommended to do this test shortly after having sex, either for the first time or if it was the first time with your new partner. It is also a good idea to have this test at the annual health checkup.

But exams are not always the same. Among them are the Pap  , which is used for the detection of HPV and cervical cancer. It consists of extracting samples from the cervix using a broom or spatula.

The blood sample is used to detect HIV, syphilis, hepatitis B and C and herpes. While the urine sample helps detect diseases such as gonorrhea and chlamydia.

On the other hand, the method of sample extraction can also be used inside the vagina, inserting a swab to collect the fluids, which will then be analyzed under a microscope.

And Then?

Whether positive or negative, what you should do is share that information with your partner: your health, your child’s health and the health of the couple are dependent.

If the results are positive, it is the doctor or nurse who will inform you of the measures to be taken, depending on the disease and the degree of it. Treatments vary between antibiotics (such as for chlamydia, for example); also vaccines, as is the case of gonorrhea, that doses of 250 mg of ceftriaxone should be applied. It is also a measure abstinence, which in the case of the diseases just mentioned, is one week.

It is never late to get a check-up, especially if it is a venereal disease. Not using protection, and therefore being able to catch it, is one of the common mistakes to avoid in couple sex . As well as it is also one of the cons if you have sex on the first date . Beware!